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Amir Khan – A Neutral Appraisal

khan6788By Jay McIntyre: Amir Khan (30-3, 19 KO’s) has all the athletic aptitude to go very far in professional boxing. His hand speed is sharp, his accuracy with those flashy combinations is quite crisp and he has been involved in some very entertaining fights. He has fought some of the established names and won, and he has lost to two established fighters as well (and then there’s Breidis Prescott…).

It’s often been said that it’s always easier to learn from failures than to learn from victories. Sure, I’ll buy that, sometimes. But then there’s Amir Khan. His loss to Danny Garcia was chalked up to a glass jaw by some fans, and knockouts do indeed end most discussion on the matter. To be honest, I’m not sure it was his chin that was the problem in that fight. Let’s also consider his loss to Lamont Peterson. That loss was argued by his supporters to be a simple matter of frustrating reffing and a tough call by the judges who awarded a majority decision to Peterson. I think there’s more to it than that as well. There are few fighters that can rely on a very spare skill set and still manage reach those boxing summits (after all, how many body punches has Muhammad Ali ever thrown?). and Khan has often enough been able to do without certain nuances in his style because of his speed, accuracy and work rate.

Upon close inspection, what you will realize is that Amir Khan is an awkward blend of both decisiveness and susceptibility all at once.

Work Rate and Accuracy

Amir Khan is not an often discussed body puncher but his tendency to do so certainly merits our attention. This isn’t because he does it a lot, or because he hits particularly hard to the body, but it is a subtle contributor to his success. More targets means more things that need defending, and with his fast hands flashing out, body punches create even more problems for a boxer to anticipate.

In addition to this, Khan often uses the jab to control much of the fight and to set up his other punches. He keeps his opponent busy by being busier and one step ahead. The jab doesn’t have to land for Khan, though he can be quite accurate with it. When coupled with his speed, his jab keeps his opponent busy and let’s him land a higher volume of punches. Since this observation relies more on an overall appreciation for his fights, rather than certain key sequences, Compubox will be relied upon to help demonstrate this overall impression.

In looking at the Compubox statistics from six of his fights, it will become clear that the numbers don’t lie. Six of his more notable fights were evaluated – including his two losses to Lamont Peterson and Danny Garcia. If you click on each name, I have included a link to the full Compubox punch stats for further reading. I found them immensely valuable.

Anything Malignaggi could do, Khan did better. Khan’s speed troubled Malignaggi, who could not really find success leading or playing the role of counter-puncher. Khan also had little to fear from Malignaggi’s “powder puff” punching. It was a clear decision.

Maidana, true to form, plodded straight for Khan the entire fight, winging bombs and leaning heavily on his front foot. It would sound like an easy style to pick apart, but his relentlessness and power made it an interesting fight (Maidana has since improved incredibly since this loss). Khan’s jab, body punches, and counters at long range were essential to his unanimous decision win here.

Judah was a big name for Khan because he had fought big names during his long career. But Judah was always incapable of turning in those big performances against top opposition. Judah had frustrated Mayweather for six convincing rounds, but that Judah was nowhere to be seen as Khan out-boxed and ultimately put away the experienced veteran in five rounds.

Whenever the fight was at range Khan was able to stay largely in command. Khan’s jab and hand speed let him land and look the better of the two. Peterson’s long pesky jab was an issue, but he wasn’t able to put many power punches behind it against Khan. It was on the inside where Khan’s dearth of in-fighting ability wrought havoc against him as Peterson piled on power punches and consequently stole rounds as well.

Although Garcia was ultimately able to outpunch Khan, this was made possible by a fight-changing left hook in the third round. Prior to that, Khan was winning rounds and making a very strong case for himself (why he lost that fight will be discussed later on in this article).

Alexander really had no answers for Khan and he was comprehensively outclassed in this fight. Khan’s hand speed and combinations were certainly a problem for Alexander, but Alexander didn’t do much on his own behalf to try and change the momentum of the fight.

Compubox is by no means the be all, end all of criteria when reflecting on a boxer’s fights, nor does the higher jab output necessarily guarantee success (look at the majority loss to Peterson). That being said, I am a firm believer in always asking: what does the data tell me? Sometimes it has a way of adding to our perspective if looked at objectively.

What can be gleaned from watching Khan fight is that he often outworks his opponents, controls the fight with his jab and when he does punch, he does so in bunches. His speed is a major asset in contributing to his work rate and accuracy because his opponents struggle to react in time.

Hand Speed and Combination Punching

I don’t think I’ve heard a ringside commentator speak about Amir Khan without making reference to his hand speed. Of course his punches are fast.

In looking at his fight against Devon Alexander we were able to see that his hand speed is greatest ally. Even though he has moved up in weight from 140 lbs. to 147 lbs. he still looked fast against an opponent that is pretty quick as well.

Time and again throughout the fight Khan was able to either land first, or set up his combinations with his jab and some very convincing feints. It was a very clear win for Khan, and arguably a shutout performance for him.

In the first couple of minutes Khan had been probing the defenses of Alexander, varying the levels and placements of his punches. The body jab was established often enough to get Alexander to react to it and thereby expose his head. At the 2:00 minute mark of the first round the audience was able to bear witness to the blistering speed of Khan combination punches.
In this two second sequence from 2:00 to 1:58 Amir Khan uses his left as a throwaway hook to divert Alexander’s attention from the right hand which then lands. Remember that Khan had been using the body jab and Alexander responds to Khan’s throwaway hook by jabbing at what would have been the level of Khan’s head had he jabbed low again. After the right hand laded, Khan then landed a left hook with some force as his body has rotated considerably from its placement of the right hand. Following this, the right hand (thrown again) of Amir Khan is blocked by Alexander’s left glove, but again, Khan uses one punch to set up the next. Khan ends his combination by landing a left on Alexander. Four out of six power punches find a home in two seconds – not bad at all.
However, for all the praise that he deserves for this ability to punch with both speed and accuracy, his fight against Devon Alexander is also an opportune time to segue into his deep-rooted faults as a prizefighter.
Prone to Counter-punching
If you saw one round of Khan’s fight against Alexander, you saw them all. If you did that much you probably noticed the poor placement of Khan’s non-punching hand, his exposed chin, and his tendency to get off balance. The more Khan punches, the more he pulls apart his own defense and leaves himself open to counters. This is a serious flaw in Khan’s style that has been around for years. The surest way to beat a fighter with superior speed is to time them with their own shots. Juan Manuel Marquez was able to mitigate (though never consistently control Manny Pacquiao’s speed with his accurate, but slower counters because he timed the Filipino. Alexander wasn’t the guy to expose this weakness, but it’s been there for a while. When underdog Danny Garcia fought Amir Khan in 2012 he found a home for his shuddering hooks by timing Khan and exploiting his flaws as a puncher. When Khan punched once or twice and kept his form and balance, then Garcia struggled to hit back. But when Khan lingered or got reckless, he paid for it.

Khan seems quite adamant to distance himself from that moment in time, by saying how much he has improved while working with his new trainer Virgil Hunter. While it is true that he has made some improvements as a boxer, the more things have changed for him, the more they seem to have stayed the same.
If you have seen Khan’s fights against Danny Garcia and Devon Alexander fights then perhaps you can recall that the same flaws exist now as they did then back in 2012 (and before, for that matter…). Toward the latter portion of the third round, while Khan lands a left hook, Garcia is planted with his chin tucked to absorb much of the shock. Meanwhile as Khan misses with a right uppercut, he leaves his chin out and his weight is off-balance. If you make enough of the same mistakes in front of a counter-puncher that relies on his timing then it is only a matter of time before he gets what he wants. By the third round Garcia changed the momentum of the fight in his favour and sealed it later on in the fourth.
You may have also noticed – if you had the opportunity to watch both the Alexander and Garcia fights that Khan doesn’t move his head while punching and this means that his opponent doesn’t have to look very hard to find his chin. In fact, Garcia isn’t even looking at all. One thing Garcia does when slinging his hooks is to plant his feet, bury his chin and as long as his punches keep landing he will keep throwing them. Khan could have planned to throw a hundred punches for all Garcia cared – he is better able to absorb shots than Khan is. Khan also doesn’t often angle off once he has thrown his punches – sometimes standing still after connecting, as though he were admiring his own work. These flaws coupled with his tendency to drop his gloves and get off balance means that he willfully counteracts what he is good at. He makes himself easy to hit, and this is pretty ironic coming from a guy that knows how important accuracy is in the boxing ring.
Although the KO loss to Danny Garcia is one of the more dramatic highlight reel finishes in the past couple of years, it was made possible by Khan’s long-standing failure to tighten up his style while he punches. I don’t believe Amir Khan’s chin is the problem as later in the fourth round he is more balanced and able to take some tremendous shots without flailing to the canvas helplessly.
Inadequate In-fighting
In-fighting is a lost art these days. Referees are all too willing to break up two fighters whenever any clinch is effected, simply because most boxers don’t have the wherewithal to do anything meaningful. The fact that many fans don’t appreciate what’s going on doesn’t help the situation either. Taking space, creating openings, and using your arms offensively and defensively while jockeying for position are things that simply don’t get any attention anymore. Some fighters are alright at it – Mayweather is good at it by today’s diminished standards (Dempsey and Sharkey were great at it, so was Duran).
Today most of what you will see when boxers are fighting inside the range of their straight punches are their gloves up, their elbows tucked in, and their foreheads leaning on one another as they trade uppercuts and hooks. Khan rarely even does this much. Whenever he finds himself up close he usually ties up and holds on for dear life. Holding, overhooks, and – in some instances – arm punches are pretty much the extent to his inside game.
The above series of frames took place in the third round against Lamont Peterson, which coincidentally enough was the same round that Compubox revealed a change in the momentum of the fight. Peterson edged out a very close and widely discussed majority decision because he found ways to be busier than Khan and to pick up rounds when fighting on the inside. With no real willingness or capacity to out punch Peterson as they are in-fighting, Khan instead shells up and shoves off from Peterson the first chance he gets. This frequent shoving was occurring often enough to draw two point deductions from the referee which no doubt added further speculation as to the genuine outcome of the fight.
Nevertheless, habits are trained (consciously or not) and Khan has developed a pattern whereby he will decide to endure what the opponent does on the inside, in the hopes that he can outbox them and pick up rounds with his accuracy and hand speed at range. During his fight against Luis Collazo Khan was no doubt having flashbacks from his Peterson fight with Khan, aware of the problems posed by a bigger man punching on the inside (although that’s about all Collazo and Peterson have in common). To deal with his deficiencies on the inside, he simply ties up their arms and awaits the intervention of the referee.
Final Thoughts
In closing, Khan is a talented, but flawed fighter. When interviewed after his fight against Devon Alexander he believed that it was one of his best performances because, as he said: “I wasn’t rushing, I was under my feet, I was up against a very skillful fighter, so I knew not to make any mistakes”. Some of this true, but when subsequently asked how he was able to control the distance and the pace of the fight he replied that “With Virgil Hunter he’s teaching me when to attack, what positioning to be before I attack, and to be in my stance. Every time I’ve been hurt in the previous fights, I’ve been off balance”. Again, some of this is true and indeed some of the choices he made when deciding to engage were prudent, but Devon Alexander also never contested the distance, and never pressured Khan. When you give the opponent both territory and the initiative, then you are always forced to react to their designs, rather than bending him to your own. Khan won a fight over an established name, but the growth I saw was minuscule when compared the weaknesses that are still there. Add to that the fact that Alexander never tried to impose his will and the win looks decidedly less impressive. If you take away Khan’s speed with timing or force him to reach as he closes the gap, then he will (and has) struggled to look as impressive.

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Editor’s Note: This article has been amended for and thus does not contain any of the animated gifs or any photographs which help illustrate the points made. To gain a better understanding, please visit the web address above.

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